Significant Church Small Church Research Study

17 January 2023


Small Church Connections (

This is Us! Canadian Small Churches in Action – Podcast (

Faith Trends Podcast ( Episode 15, Why small churches in Canada need our attention, discusses the Significant Church study report.

Canadian Small Church Ministry Centre (

Flourishing Congregations Institute (

Appreciating small churches, article by Bill Fledderus (Faith Today, Mar/Apr 2023)

Selected Bibliography

For a complete bibliography, see the report pages 184-186.

Alpha Canada. “The Priority & Practice of Evangelism: Canadian Church Leader Perspectives in 2021.” Alpha Canada, September 9, 2021.

Beadle, Timothy. Turning Over a New Leaf. Lulu Publishing Services, 2020.

Elliott, Stephen D. Next Level Church. Fishers, Indiana: Wesleyan Publishing House, 2021.

Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change. “Kelowna and Sudbury: What Makes a City a City? | EUC | York University.” Accessed September 7, 2022.

Haensel, Robin. “Exploring Opportunities to Provide Spiritual Care to Inhabitants of Sparsely Populated Regions.” D. Min., Lutheran Theological Seminary/Saskatoon Theological Union, 2019.

Harder, Cam. “New Shoots from Old Roots: The Challenge and Potential of Mission in Rural Canada.” In Green Shoots Out of Dry Ground: Growing a New Future for the Church in Canada, edited by John P. Bowen. Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2013.

Johnston, Ron. Reality Check for the Church: Discovering a Unique Vision for the Small Church. Word Alive Press, 2013.

Keller, Tim. “Leadership and Church Size Dynamics: How Strategy Changes with Growth.” Redeemer City to City, 2010.

Knoll, Benjamin R., and Cammie Jo Bolin. She Preached the Word: Women’s Ordination in Modern America. Oxford University Press, 2018.

Lee, Allen A. “Ministry Longevity, Family Contentment, and the Male Clergy Family: A Phenomenological Study of the Experience of Ministry.” Liberty University, 2017.

Malcolm, Wanda M., Karen L. Coetzee, and Elizabeth A. Fisher. “Measuring Ministry-Specific Stress and Satisfaction: The Psychometric Properties of the Positive and Negative Aspects Inventories.” Journal of Psychology and Theology 47, no. 4 (December 2019): 313–27.

McIntosh, Gary L. One Size Doesn’t Fit All: Bringing Out the Best in Any Size Church. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Revell, 1999. (preview:

O’Brien, Brandon. “Explainer: The Micro Church Movement.” CT Pastors. Accessed February 9, 2020.

Reimer, Sam, and Michael Wilkinson. A Culture of Faith: Evangelical Congregations in Canada. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2015.

Schaller, Lyle E. Activating the Passive Church: Diagnosis and Treatment. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1981.

———. The Small Church Is Different! Nashville, Tennessee: Abingdon Press, 1982.

Stackhouse, John G., Jr. Evangelicalism: A Very Short Introduction. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2022.

Stiller, Karen. The Minister’s Wife: A Memoir of Faith, Doubt, Friendship, Loneliness, Forgiveness, and More. Carol Stream: Tyndale House Publishers, 2020.

Vaters, Karl. Small Church Essentials: Field-Tested Principles for Leading a Healthy Congregation of under 250. Chicago: Moody Publishing, 2018.

Watson, James. “Congregational Life Cycle Assessment.” The Salvation Army, Canada and Bermuda, 2012.

Watson, James W., Wanda M. Malcolm, Mark D. Chapman, Elizabeth A. Fisher, Marilyn Draper, Narry F. Santos, Jared Siebert, and Amy Bratton. “Canadian Multivocational Ministry Project: Research Report,” 2020.

Wong, Enoch. How Am I Going to Grow Up? Congregational Transition among Second-Generation Chinese Canadian Evangelicals and Servant-Leadership. Carlisle, UK: Langham Publishing, 2021.

Have a small church resource suggestion? Send us an email a and we’ll review it to include here.